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Country Information - Peru
Need more information about Peru before deciding your final step to intern or volunteer there? You're at the right page!
Languages : Spanish, Quechua and Aymara
Capital : Lima
Population : 29,546,963 inhabitants (2009)
Government : Republic Semipräsidiale
Religion : about 94% Christian
Size : 1,285,215 km²
Density : 22 inhabitants per km ²
Unemployment: 8.1% (2008)
Size of The Country
Peru is more than 3 times larger than Germany and is located on the west coast of South America. Peru has a large number of national parks, which are intended to preserve the beauty of nature and the biodiversity of wildlife and culture. Peru is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia and Chile and the rest, a large proportion of the coast.
About one-third of the population lives in Lima, the capital of Peru. The population of Peru is originating mainly from the "original inhabitants", which are the descendants of the population before the colonization. The average age is 24.60 years, so very young.
Slightly more than 40% are Mestizos
About 30% of People are of Indian descent (Quechua and Aymara speaking)
Approximately 15% of the people are European descent
About 7% are Afro-Peruvian descent
Less than 5% are of Asian descent
There are also groups of Indian who live on the border to Ecuador and are very isolated.
The official language in Peru is Spanish. 80% of the population speaks Spanish as their native language. There are also languages of the indigenous such as Quechua and Aymara, which are still very common.
Religions in Peru
More than 90% of Peru's population belong to Christianity, of which about 12% Protestant. In urban areas, the proportion of Christians is a little bit higher than in rural. In rural areas, there are more atheists or members of lesser-used and lesser-known religions.
The high proportion of Christians can be attributed to the Spanish conquest of Peru and the missionary traced. Nevertheless, the culture of bygone days, from the time of the Inca empire, remained alive. Indeed the Christian festivals are mixed with ancient customs, such as the sun festival in Cusco.
Climate in Peru
The geography of Peru is very diverse and has 28 climate zones. The nature of the country can be divided into three groups: the coast, where most Peruvian cities are located; the highlands with breathtaking mountain scenery and picturesque villages and the jungle with a wide variety of plants and animals.
20000-10000 BC The earliest traces of human habitation (pyramids, roads and yards procession)
1700 BC, probably engravings of living culture in the Andes
800 BC to 300 BC, the Chavin de Huantar high culture, development of cities
1200 AD to 1532 AD, the Inca Empire with its capital in Cusco (Cuzco at the time)
Spanish Conquest in 1532 AD
1780 AD 1824 Successful resistance against squatters revolt and independence of Peru
1879 - 1883 Salpeterkrieg Peru, Chile, Bolivia 20 century beginning. Radicals, thoughtful national government with many changes
1945 entry into the war, support for the Allies
1968 Military Government of Peru
1980s to 90s armed struggle of the guerrilla organization "Sendero Luminoso" ("Shining Path")
1980 seizure of power by elected President
Economy and Politics
The Peruvian economy is controlled more or less by North American and European companies. Peru is rich in minerals, particularly copper and gold. Besides raw materials are exported, such as coffee, but also other agricultural products. The main trading partners are by far the United States and China.
Peru is a semi-presidential Republic. This means that there are valid parliamentary and presidential elements. The French form of government is also an example.
The government in Peru is a decentralized basis, the principle of separation of powers is implemented and also representative. The state's interest can be designated as follows: the defense of sovereignty, protect the public, promote the general welfare.
09.04.2006 were in Peru presidential election, a parliamentary term is 5 years. In March 2006, Alan García Pérez, elected in the runoff election as president.
Tourism in Peru
Peru is also becoming increasingly popular for tourists. The country offers a fascinating landscape and the Andes mountains and relics from the time of the Incas or cultural features in the repertoire. Above all, Machu Picchu, a well-preserved ruin of the Incas at 2,000 meters height. Very popular is also the Titicaca Lake.
Problems in Peru
Health and Water Supply
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